At dawn United States, The government accepted the responsibility of separating the children of Native American families to take them to boarding schools. The aim was to integrate them into the new culture of the nation.
However, the effect is dire. Torture, labor exploitation and death.
“Country” Gives details:They were taken from the hands of their parents, they changed their names, they cut their hair, they were prevented from speaking their language or following their religion and customs, and imposed a defensive discipline on them. Many did not survive and were buried next to the schools where they stayed.”.
This information was provided by The U.S. Secretary of the Interior Deb HollandWhose “Paternal grandparents” They were sent to one of these boarding schools run by the federal government in conjunction with religious organizations and institutions.
“The consequences of the federal Indian boarding school policies are heartbreaking and undeniable, including the generational trauma caused by family separation and the cultural elimination of children under the age of four.”, Under control.
Hollande speaks Mandatory integration It also announced that 408 federal schools from 1819 to 1969 would be investigated.
So far, it is More than 500 children are known to have died and were buried. “Marked or unmarkedAbout 53 schools. Everything points out that it is enough to continue digging to find many more.
The report also does Note Because these kids worked. “Livestock, agriculture, poultry, milking, fertilizing, logging, brick making; Cooking, making clothes”. But, “In the guise of supposed education”, Child labor checked.
“The rules were often enforced by punishments including corporal punishment such as isolation, flogging, starvation, whipping, slapping and handcuffing. […] Older Indian children were sometimes forced to punish younger ones.”.
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Regarding the participation of churches, The Report Notes:
“Central government [también mantuvo] Relationships with religious institutions and organizations [sostener] Federal Boarding School of India. Indigenous reservations’ were distributed among the major religious denominations, and as never before the federal government gained the right to devolve power to church organizations. […] Guide educational activities”.
“As part of the federal Indian boarding school system, [se] Agreements were reached with various religious organizations and organizations, including American Missionary Association of Congregational Church, Foreign Mission Board of Presbyterian Church, National Mission Board of Presbyterian Church, Office of Catholic Missions of India and Protestant Episcopal Church ‘Every student has to pay a certain amount‘”.
“Similar situations have arisen in other parts of the world. For example, during the dictatorship in Argentina, they took the children of saboteurs who were supposed to be ‘not guerrillas’ – in fact, only left-wing people.Comments The Hernான்n Molina, an Argentine researcher in the United States.
“Thus many children are living in military homes or in well-known families.”.
But since the Hollande-led inquiry comes from the ruling party, the government should consider apologizing. “I think they will apologize and propose plans to compensate for the damage”, Molina adds.
That would not be innovative.
“The world“Explains:”As whites were reduced to living on the reservation, the Indians gained many exclusive rights and exercised it to their advantage: those territories were subject to the jurisdiction of each tribe and had the privilege of administering a large number of racing games with relative freedom because of a significant lack of legal regulation.”.
This is about Act to regulate gambling on native lands 1998. The Idea At least 60% of income “Allocated to projects that improve the living conditions of communities”.
Although it is difficult to know Vin’s next move Biden Administration, Molina believes there can be no criticism from Republican opposition. There are two main reasons.
“I do not think they are against it because they are in such states North and South Dakota, Montana or North CarolinaNow there are tribes who have experienced what is condemned”.
“And, politically, that was a mistake. However, defenders can offer other perspectives on solving this type of problem.”.
In the United States, Indigenous Women “They are 2.5 times more likely to experience sexual violence than any other race“, ர சி து”El Diario.es“With information from the American justice system. In addition,”In at least 86% of cases of rape or sexual assault of tribal women, the perpetrators claim that the perpetrators are non-tribal men.“.
Everything points to the fact that the state investigation President of the United States, Joe Biden, Derived from something that happened in Canada Last year.
In May, the Sovereign Indigenous Peoples Federation (FSIN) Posted Report In it he said he had found British Columbia “Remains of 215 tribal children in the garden of a boarding school”.
No need to dig too deep to find similar cases. In June, They found out “751 unmarked graves in a mass grave at a boarding schoolLocated in the province SaskatchewanLocation Marywal Tribal Residential School.
These findings gave meaning to what was discussed many years ago Report Of Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
Between 18962 and 1998 the BBC reports, “More than 150,000 Aboriginal children were separated from their families and enrolled in government boarding schools in Canada.“It was run by the Catholic Church.
The media recalls that boys and girls lived in poorly constructed buildings – ”Poorly heated and unhygienic”- and under formal pressure to stop speaking their language and abandon their habits.
The effect of abuse Under control The CVR estimates that six thousand children died.
The Canadian government, knowing what was coming out, went down to the ground. His Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Announced:
“Many were neglected and did not have enough food, clothing or shelter. Others were subjected to physical, psychological and sexual harassment. All lost the love and care of their parents, family and community”.
“To all of you, we are sorry”.
However, his apology was not accepted. “One of the aboriginal groups affected by school stays in the Grand Chief of In Nation, Newfoundland and Labrador, Greg Rich”. The Replied:
“If we apologize for only a small part of our experience our adults are not ready to accept it.”.
And only in April of this year, The The Catholic Church Apologized. “All this has provoked my anger and shame ”, Held Pope Francisco After meeting Indigenous Canadians from the Inuit, Métis and First Nations told him about the torture and abuse they experienced in boarding schools.”.
The Supreme Pontif Added:
“I was very upset and apologized to the bishops because it was clear that faith could not be transmitted by something completely deviating from the same faith. It is terrible if an act against the gospel takes place in the name of faith”.
Between 2003 and 2005, Amnesty International investigated the situation of violence against the LGTBIQ + community by the security forces and published it under the title “.Stone wall. Constantly demanding respect“, Account for violations and other malpractices. In its results, it stands alone”Gender-based discrimination is often associated with other forms of discrimination, such as race and social class“; And despite that”Some positive efforts taken by the judiciary“, Community continues”Severe police abuse, in some cases, equates to torture and mistreatment”.
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